Politics

Politics

Governing

1.              Rewarding sovereignty is in the power of God. - 2:247, 3:26, 5:54, 7:128, 59:6

2.              Hereditary rule. - 27:16

3.              The ruler is appointed by God. - 2:246

4.              The age of maturity. - 4:6

5.              Having share. - 4:85

6.              Wealth is not an eligibility for the head of the government. - 2:247

7.              Wisdom is necessary for a ruler. - 2:247

8.              Strength is necessary for a ruler. - 2:247

9.              It is not the job of a Prophet to form a government. - 2:246, 2:247, 12:55

The characteristics and duties of a ruler.

1.              To ruler’s way of soft approach. - 3:159

2.              The ruler appointing representative when he goes out. - 7:142, 20:92

3.              Admonishing the representative appointed by the ruler. - 7:150, 20:94

4.              Humility in the ruler. - 15:88, 17:24, 26:215

5.              Having consultation in the matters. - 3:159, 42:38,

6.              Appointing ministers for various departments. - 12:55

7.              One can claim posting in the government which imprisoned him when he has not committed any wrong. - 12:55

8.              If the strangers want the law of their country can be followed for them. - 12:75,76

9.              The Prophet of God adopting the laws of those who are not Prophets of God. - 12:76

10.        The Prophet of God accepting the kingship of another person. - 2:246,247, 12:76,

11.         Equality in justice and rights in all. - 2:80,81, 2:199, 3:75, 4:1, 5:18

12.         Construction of cities. - 10:87

13.         The government does not have the right to forgive the murderer. - 2:178, 17:33

14.         Should not lose the power for the sake of gaining the rich. - 6:52, 11:29,30, 18:28,

15.         Safe-guarding the secret of an individual. - 24:27, 24:28, 24:58, 24:59

16.         The one who has committed the crime is responsible for it. - 2:134, 2:141, 2:281, 2:286, 3:25, 3:161, 4:111, 6:31, 6:164, 7:39, 7:96, 9:82, 9:95, 10:8, 10:52, 17:15, 35:18, 39:7, 39:24, 39:48, 39:51, 40:17, 45:22, 52:21, 53:38, 74:38

17.         Preventing riots. - 2:251, 22:40, 49:9

18.         A person belonging to a particular religion should not be allowed to talk bad of the religion of another person. - 6:108

19.         Prohibition for gambling. - 2:219, 5:90, 5:91

20.         Prostitution for wine. - 2:219, 5:90, 5:91,

21.         Refuge for those who seek refuge. - 9:6

22.         Judgment should not be delivered according to the wish of the people. - 2:120, 2:145, 4:135, 5:48, 5:49, 5:77, 6:56, 6:150, 13:37, 18:28, 23:71, 25:43, 38:26, 42:15, 45:18

23.         Food and other amenities can be sought from the king. - 12:88

24.         Those who have the eligibility can claim the post. - 12:55

25.         Seeking rights from the ruler who is not a Muslim. - 7:105, 7:134, 20:47, 26:17, 26:22, 44:18

26.         Should not submit to the tyrant. - 11:59

27.         Should not obey the king who goes in an evil way. - 43:54

28.         Obeying the leaders. - 4:59

29.         When there is no Islamic government obeying the laws of others. - 12:76

30.         Should not spread scandals. - 4:83

31.         Holding post under the rule of non-Muslim rule. - 12:55 

32.         The right to live. - 2:178, 2:179, 4:93, 5:32, 5:45, 6:151, 25:68

33.         No right to commit suicide. - 2:195, 4:29

34.         The right of the children for living. - 6:137, 6:140, 6:151, 81:8

35.         The right to live for the female child also. - 16:58,59, 81:8, 16:97, 42:49, 53:45, 75:39, 92:3

36.         Right to the property. - 4:7, 4:11, 4:12, 4:32,33,  4:176, 8:75,

37.         Women’s right to the property. - 4:32

38.         The right to accumulate wealth. - 2:198, 4:32, 16:14, 17:12, 17:66, 28:73, 30:46, 35:12, 45:12, 62:10

39.         The permission granted to the affected person to speak bad words. - 4:148

40.         Taking lots. . - 3:44

The relationship with Non-Muslims

·                 It is forbidden to make the non-Muslims your close friends. - 3:28, 3:118, 3:119, 3:120, 4:89, 4:139, 4:144, 5:51, 5:80, 9:23, 60:1, 60:2,

·                 Permission to make close friends of the non-Muslims. - 5:2, 5:8, 5:57, 9:6, 60:8, 60:9

Hijrath (Emigration)

1.              Doing emigration is permitted to those who are unable to follow Islamic tenet. - 4:97

2.              Emigration can be done only when the earth is spacious. - 4:97

3.              There is no emigration if no country is ready to give them refuge. - 4:97

4.              For the weak, emigration is not necessary. - 4:98

5.              Emigration can be done if there is an opportunity. -4:97, 4:100

6.              Defeat for the righteous. - 2:155, 2:214, 3:140, 3:142, 3:166,167, 3:186

7.              Good life for the bad. - 3:178, 3:196, 3:197, 10:88, 23:55,56, 28:76, 28:81, 31:24, 40:4

Battle

1.              Government is necessary for waging war- 2:247, 2:248, 4:75

2.              The forces for the battle. - 8:65,66

3.              The battle is only when injustice is done on the weak men, women and young. - 4:75, 22:39-40

4.              Battle against those who transgress. - 2:190, 8:19, 9:13

5.              Battle with those who expelled them from their home-land. - 2:191, 22:39,40

6.              Those who break the pact and defile Islam. - 9:12

7.              The battle against the rioters. - 4:91

8.              Should not begin the battle. - 2:190, 9:13

9.              No wars against those wish peace. - 2:192, 4:90, 4:94, 8:61

10.         No war to spread the religion. 2:256, 3:20, 4:63, 4:80, 5:92, 6:104, 6:107, 9:6, 10:99, 10:108, 11:28, 18:29, 27:92, 39:41, 42:15, 42:48, 50:45, 88:22

11.         No war against those who want to leave. - 2:192,193, 8:39

12.         Only in the way of Allah (for justice) a fighting is obligatory. - 2:190, 2:244, 3:13, 3:146, 3:167, 4:74, 4:75, 4:76, 4:84, 9:111

13.         Obligation of waging war when necessity arises - 2:216

14.         Do not fear the force of the enemy. - 2:249, 8:19

15.         Should not be discouraged. - 3:173

16.         Battle should not be fought in the holy months. - 2:194, 2:217, 5:2, 9:5, 9:36

17.         The Majidul-Haram (The house of God) should not be made a battle field. - 2:191

18.         No pity should be shown in the battle. - 2:191, 8:57, 47:4

19.         Have to observe restraint in the battle field. - 2:190, 2:191, 2:193, 2:194,

20.         May expel those who have expelled them. - 2:191

21.         Respecting the sacredness in not one sided. - 2:191, 2:194

22.         Battle is for those who have been caused injustice. - 4:75, 22:39

23.         The greatness of those who have sacrificed their lives. - 2:154, 3:169, 4:74, 36:26

24.         Making arrangement for gathering strength. - 8:60

25.         Should not turn your back. - 8:15

26.         Turning (retreating) back as a strategy is permitted. - 8:16

Establishing Justice

1.              Can the lawyers appear in defense of those who have committed the crime. - 4:105

2.              Equal justice for both the poor and the rich. - 4:135

3.              Delivering justice for the enemies also. - 5:2, 5:8, 5:42, 60:8

4.              It is a compulsory duty. - 7:29, 16:90, 42:15

5.              Making peace with Justice. - 49:9

6.              Justice should not be bent for the sake of relatives. - 4:135, 6:152

7.              Justice should be established. 4:58, 4:135, 5:8, 5:42, 6:152, 7:29, 16:76, 16:90, 42:15, 49:9

8.              Ignoring the whims while delivering the justice. 4:135  

Witness

1.              When two male members are not available, one male and two female can give witness. - 2:282

2.              Witnesses have to be arranged while handing over the properties of the orphans. - 4:6

3.              Should be a witness to the justice. - 4:135, 5:8, 6:152, 16:90

4.              Witness for death-will- 5:106

5.              Witness should be honest. - 5:106, 65:2

6.              The witness of such people who accuse the woman and do not bring four witnesses should not be accepted at any time. - 24:4

7.              If there is doubt regarding the witnesses they should be compelled to take oath? - 5:106-108

8.              If the husband accuses his wife regarding her chastity, instead of bringing four witnesses, he has to take oath four times. - 24:6-8

9.              If they do not bring four witnesses after they accuse the women about their chastity then 80 lashes have to be given to them as punishment. - 24:4

10.         Witnesses have to be produced for divorce and for re-conciliation. - 65:2

11.         Should not deny giving witness. - 2:282, 65:2, 70:33

12.         Appointing witnesses for having transactions regarding loan. - 2:282, 5:106

13.         Giving false witness. - 2:204, 4:135, 5:8, 5:108, 25:72

14.         It is wrong to influence the witness. It is also wrong to torture the witness. - 2:282

15.         Evidence should not be concealed. - 2:140, 2:181, 2:283, 3:71, 5:106

16.         Should not retract after giving evidence. - 2:42, 2:181, 3:71, 4:135

17.         For prostitution fours witnesses have to be produced. - 4:15, 24:4, 24:13

18.         Giving witness according to people. - 4:135

19.         Witness for transaction. .- 4:6

20.         Two witnesses for any agreement. - 2:282

21.         Giving witness against. - 5:107

Treaties (Promise, Agreement, Taking Oath, Pledge for offering with God)

1.              Fulfilling the promise made with Allah. - 2:27, 2:40, 3:76,77, 5:7, 5:14, 6:152, 9:111, 13:20, 13:25, 16:91, 16:95, 33:15, 33:23, 48:10

2.              A person cannot take oath stating that he will not do any good in the name of Allah. - 2:224, 24:22

3.              The oath taken by mistake (unintentionally) need not be fulfilled. There is no necessity of any compensation. - 2:225, 5:89

4.              Agreements among the society should be observed. - 4:90, 4:92, 8:72, 9:4

5.              If there is any doubt arises about anybody he should be made to take oaths on Allah. - 5:106,107

6.              If the enemies break the treaty, we can also break the treaty. - 9:12, 9:13

7.              Taking oath on Allah stating that he will not have family relationship with his wife. - 2:226

8.              Oath should not be taken for cheating and betraying. - 16:92, 16:94

9.              Fulfilling the promise. - 2:177,  3:76, 5:1, 7:102, 8:56, 9:111, 13:20, 16:91, 17:34, 23:8, 33:15, 33:23, 48:10, 70:32

10.         Using the Oath as a shield. - 58:16, 63:2

11.         Selling the treaty for a small price. - 3:77, 16:95

12.         We shall behave honestly till the enemies, who have done the agreement, behave honestly. - 9:4, 9:7

13.         There is no treaty with those about whom we fear that they would betray. - 8:58  

Criminal Laws

Giving judgment based on whatever is seen outwardly

·                 See only what is seen outwardly. 4:94

Should not transgress

·                 Should not transgress while taking revenge. 17:33

The best is to forgive

·                 Forgiving and observing patience are better than taking revenge. - 17:33, 42:40, 42:43

Prostitution

·                 Prostitution- 4:15, 4:25, 24:2,

Murder

·                 Murder. - 2:84, 2:92,93, 2:179, 4:92,4:93, 5:28,29, 5:32, 5:45, 6:151, 17:33, 25:68

The authority for forgiving

·                 The authority to forgive the murderer is vested with the family of the killed. - 2:178,    17:33

Eye for an Eye

·                 Causing damage to the particular organ of the body of a person who has damaged the same organ of the body of another person.   - 5:45

Slander

·                 Slander. - 4:112, 24:4, 24:6, 24:11, 12,13, 24:16, 24:23, 33:58, 60:12

Placing the blame on others

·                 A person placing the blame of an action, to which he is responsible, on others. - 4:112

Rumor

·                 Spreading rumours. - 4:83

Theft

·                 Theft. - 5:38

Corruption

·                 Indulging in corruption. - 5:33

Aiding evil

·                 Should not give any aid to evil. - 5:2

A person is innocent till his guilt is proved

·                 Till the guilt is proved a person who is accused of guilt is innocent. - 24:4, 24:6-8, 24:11-13

Published on: July 1, 2013, 1:49 PM Views: 1903


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